There is no one universal political philosophy, just as there is no one universal personal philosophy. What do I mean by that? I am not postulating some new and improved universal brotherhood formula, rather, I am stressing that an optimal (defined in whatever sense, and hence, an absolute) strategy exists for each stage of life as described in Chaturashrama (four stages of life).
Along the same lines, varying political philosophies, that optimize different progress-indicators of a nation state can be adopted at varying stages of a nation's life. For instance, it may be argued that according to certain metrics, market economics was good for India when it happened and should stay that way for the near future, whereas the same cannot be said for a country that is not yet ready to receive competition from multinationals.
The problem of course comes with globalization where there is too much confrontation between nation states, and the diversity of needs (i.e. diversity of definitions of optimality) is staggering, the problem comes when identities of nation states and progress directions have to redefined as fast as they are being created.
1 year ago